How to prepare Geography Optional for UPSC

How to prepare Geography Optional for UPSC

If you have chosen Geography as your optional subject for the IAS exam, here’s a study plan and some recommended books to help you in your preparation:

Study Plan to prepare Geography Optional for UPSC

Familiarize Yourself with the Syllabus: Understand the Geography syllabus for the IAS exam. Analyze the topics and sub-topics mentioned and divide them into manageable study units.

Collect Study Materials: Gather relevant textbooks, reference books, and study materials for Geography. Make sure to choose authoritative and updated sources.

Understand the Concepts: Start by developing a strong foundation in the basic concepts of Geography. Study topics like physical geography, human geography, climatology, environmental geography, economic geography, and regional geography.

Read Standard Textbooks: Refer to standard textbooks recommended by experts to gain in-depth knowledge and conceptual clarity. Some recommended books for Geography optional in the IAS exam include:

Geography Optional Booklist (Geography optional books by Toppers)

  • ‘Physical Geography’ by Savindra Singh
  • ‘Human Geography’ by Majid Hussain
  • ‘Economic and Social Geography Made Simple’ by Rupa Publications
  • ‘Models in Geography’ by Majid Husain
  • ‘Geography of India’ by Majid Hussain

Take Notes: While studying, make comprehensive notes on important concepts, theories, case studies, and examples. These notes will be helpful for quick revision closer to the exam.

Analyze Previous Year Question Papers: Most Important part while in preparation is to analyze the previous year’s question papers to understand the pattern, type of questions asked, and the emphasis on various topics. This will help you identify important areas and focus your preparation accordingly.


Practice Answer Writing: Develop your answer writing skills by practicing writing answers to previous year’s questions and sample questions. Pay attention to structuring your answers, providing relevant examples, and maintaining a coherent flow of information.

Current Affairs and Contemporary Issues: Stay updated with current affairs related to geography, including environmental issues, climate change, natural disasters, land use, urbanization, and international relations. Relate current affairs to the geographical concepts you have learned.

Revision and Mock Tests: Regularly revise the topics you have covered. Create short notes or flashcards for quick revision. Take mock tests and solve previous year’s question papers within a stipulated time to improve your time management skills and assess your level of preparation.


Seek Guidance: Consider joining a reputable coaching institute or enroll in online courses specifically designed for Geography optional in the IAS exam. This will provide you with expert guidance, study materials, and the opportunity to interact with peers for discussion and feedback.

Remember, effective time management, consistent practice, and a thorough understanding of the subject are key to performing well in the Geography optional for the IAS exam. Customize this study plan based on your strengths and weaknesses and devote ample time to revision and mock tests. Good luck with your preparation!

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