What is Section 144 of CrPC ? | Important Points for UPSC & PCS Exam

What is Section 144 of CrPC?

Section 144 of CrPC
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When there is a urgent case of security threat or a possibility of riots then the government imposes section 144 which prohibits or bars the assembly of five or more people in an area where the section 144 has been imposed.

Section 144 notification is issued by the district magistrate of the area.

Section 144 of The Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 empowers the magistrate to prohibit the movement or assembly of more than five person in an area. The section also empowers the authorities to block internet access.

Why it is in News

The Jammu and Kashmir Government imposed section 144 of CrPC in Srinagar on Sunday night. This restriction also included shutting down mobile, broadband internet, and cable TV services.

As per the order issued by the government, “there shall be no movement of public and all educational institutions shall also remain closed. All public movement has been curtailed and educational institutions will remain closed”.

Any public meeting or rally has been banned until the order is withdrawn by the government.

When the Section 144 imposed?

Section 144 of CrPC
Whenever there are apprehensions of breach of public peace and order by some people, Section 144 of CrPC is put into effect.

During the imposition of section every civilians are prohibited from carrying of weapons that includes, firearms in public, sharp edges metal or weapons, lathis or anything that can cause harm.

No order under this section can remain in force for more than two months. 

But, if state government considers it necessary for preventing any imminent danger to public/human life or for preventing a riot, the government can extend the imposition of this sections  for not more than six months from the date of issuance of the initial order.

punishment if someone violates Section 144 CrPC

If some person involved in unlawful assembly during the imposition of this section then he can be booked for “engaging in rioting”.

The maximum punishment for such act is three years.

Also if anyone tries to obstruct the police from Breaking the Assembly is also punishable under the law.

How Section 144 is different from Curfew?

Section 144 of CrPC

It should be noted that Section 144 CrPC is not same as or equivalent to a Curfew.

Orders of Curfew are issued in more severe situations where people of the area are instructed to stay indoors for a specific time or period.

All public establishments such as markets, schools, colleges, etc. are ordered to remain shut during the imposition of Curfew.

And only essential services are allowed to run that too on prior notice. There is a complete restriction on traffic as well.


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